Following we publish an important document on the 126th Birthday of Chairman Mao Zedong, from the editors of the Magazin "El Maoista".
Proletarians of all countries, unite!
Upraise the red, indestructible flag of Maoism!
On the 126th birthday of Chairman Mao Zedong on the 26th of December.
What seemed to be still far away a few decades ago, is clear today: Marxism-Leninism-Maoism is advancing powerful to be recognized and prevailed among the communists in the world. This path was cleared by Chairman Gonzalo, he also led this struggle, because it was him, who defined Maoism as the new, third and highest stage of Marxism, excellently systematized and summarized at the 1st Party Congress of the Communist Party of Peru (CPP), thirty years ago.
Daily confirmation of the recognition of the universal validity of the Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and the peoples war can be found in the People‘s Wars in Peru, India, Turkey and on the Philippines as strategical axis of the Proletarian World Revolution, as well as it is embodied by the communists, which struggle for the reconstitution or constitution of their communist parties in each country of the world. That Maoism is advancing powerful to be prevailed and recognized today, is reflected to a particular extent in the fact, that the left within the International Communist Movement is working on the unification of the communists on a world scale, on the forge of a new international organization of the proletariat. Today the main battle line is not only if Maoism is recognized and prevailed, but primarily it is about the understanding of Maoism. That is why we see a new revisionist wind arising. Not any more those, who openly struggle against Maoism and reject it are playing a role here, because they were already disposed by history and class struggle, even if they refuse to believe it themselves, but those who combat Maoism and Chairman Gonzalo in their name. We see those, who turn towards the term Maoism, but eagerly combat Chairman Gonzalo and at the same time they can not put forth another systematized formulation of Maoism, because what they call Maoism is only an agglomeration of eclectic phrases. At the same time there are those, who use the definitions of Chairman Gonzalo in words, but only to bargain in favor of their own positions, who take advantage of the prestige and the heroic role of the Communist Party of Peru for themselves and want to extend their eclectic understanding of the proletarian ideology to the work of Chairman Gonzalo. They all will fail, because those forces who work on the unification of the communists within an Unified International Maoist Conference, are marching forward in struggle and unity, decisively and with firm steps.
In prevailing Maoism, which is deepened in the struggle for the understanding of Maoism, the red forces of the International Communist Movement hold in their hands the crucial weapon, which was given to them through Chairman Gonzalo and the 1st Party Congress of the Communist Party of Peru: The document „On Marxism-Leninism-Maoism“. Never we are allowed to step back behind this document, because that would mean to put oneselves outside of the present stage of the current epoch, which would mean not being able any more to take up the great new tasks and new goals, which the communists are facing on a world scale. Therefore let us take this document as firm starting point, let us more and more deepen and sharpen our understanding of Maoism based on this contribution of universal validity. In that way we will be able to make leaps in the struggle for reconstitution or constitution of the Communist Parties, in the struggle for the Unified International Maoist Conference, in the struggle for Proletarian World Revolution. Let us uphold this document, let us apply it and let us consider with that understanding the historical role of the great Chairman and teacher, Mao Zedong.
Born on the 26th of December in 1893, Mao Zedong experienced already from early childhood the worries and the needs of the masses, he took part in the struggles of the people and actively concerned about them. That made it possible for the later Chairman Mao Zedong to experience the transition into the highest stage of capitalism, the world system of imperialism, within the struggle and therefore he could develop a deep understanding of it. In the midst of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution was stated, that the Communist Party of China was able to become the vanguard of the Chinese revolution, because it has been forged in winding paths, amongst great struggles. Therefore it became correct and red. Nothing else applies to its great helmsman, Chairman Mao Zedong. His path is winded and shaped in the struggle as well, a fact for which he was accused later over and over by the revisionists and social-imperialists, getting crazy because of fury and hatred against him. They didn‘t understand that they accused him of something, which was the reason why he was loved by the proletariat and the peoples of the world: that he was shaped and forged as a proletarian revolutionary, as communist within their own confrontations, within their struggles. Their problems were not unknown, their struggles not incomprehensible to Chairman Mao. He was crystallized by the great struggles of the Chinese people, by the Great Socialist October Revolution, by the legions of the struggling world proletariat, by the Communist International and the struggle against revisionism and social-imperialism. With the fact, that the name of Chairman Mao is connected with the historical happenings of the Great Socialist October Revolution in 1917, the victory of the newdemocratic revolution and people‘s war in China in 1949 and the initiation of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in 1966, where two of those turning points of human history were led by him personally, we see clearly that it is Chairman Mao, who did not only experience the birth and unfoldment of imperialism within the struggle, but also the epoch of its decline, its final defeat, which is characterized by new waves of Proletarian World Revolution, as well as by the emerge of modern revisionism, by social-imperialism of a new type and by the rise and decline of USA-imperialism, the main enemy of the peoples in the world.
It has been Chairman Mao, who put forth a leap to proletarian ideology in all three parts of the world view and he accomplished this leap for a whole stage of human history. In the question of philosophy Chairman Mao overall further developed the basic law of dialectics, the law of contradiction. He did this work with such a profoundness, that it determined all his other further development fundamentally, which was proved by the later development. But in particular it was his great merit, that he brought a systematized form of Marxist philosophy to the masses. Regarding this, the great Chairman Mao Zedong teaches us two fundamental aspects: firstly that the transfer from knowledge into praxis is the most important moment in dialectical development, secondly it is the masses, who are the motive force in the making of world history. Therefore he made philosophy becoming a sharp weapon within the hands of the masses, in a way no one have done it before. Chairman Mao personally gives us the command, to connect our knowledge with the masses, otherwise we will fail. Regarding the question of political economy, only considering the contribution on bureaucratic capitalism in this field makes it completely clear, why Maoism is the Marxism-Leninism of today. The roots of bureaucratic capitalism are stretched back to the early beginning of imperialism, but today we see clearly that bureaucratic capitalism is not any more a side effect of colonialism and half-colonialism, but attained great weight. How can today‘s world be understood, how can the new democratic revolution be made without a clear understanding of the bureaucratic capitalism, like Chairman Mao gave it to us? That would be simply impossible. The great Chairman Mao‘s criticism of the socialist construction in Soviet Union and the concluded teachings and further developments are today of principal, universal, hence worldwide significance. It is not only important for the communists in the countries being oppressed by imperialism, even if it is more obvious there, but also in the imperialist countries. Because every communist party in the world has to rebuild the country after the conquer of political power through protracted revolutionary war, because a lot will be destroyed by intervention, sabotage and imperialist blockade. The communists grasp the construction of the new as the main chain link, also within revolutionary war. Therefor it needs a correct understanding of Chairman Mao‘s developments in political economy, firstly to build up the new already during the revolution and peoples war, secondly to be able to create the conditions for socialism after the conquer of political power and to build up socialism. If we don‘t understand this contributions, or only in a deficient way, we are missing an important part in the understanding of constructing the new, which is why we would fail.
Scientific Socialism was enriched essentially by Chairman Mao in so many aspects, that it is impossible to state all these contribution at this point. We want firstly to concentrate on the question of peoples war, as it is thought us also by the document „On Marxism-Leninism-Maoism“, formulated by Chairman Gonzalo. The great helmsman, Chairman Mao Zedong set forth peoples war as general law of the revolution and developed it as general military theory of the proletariat. For the application in China he insisted on and developed the course, that the cities have to be encircled through the countryside. The communists firmly refuse it as a lie and distortion of facts, if opportunists and revisionists today distort these historical facts and want to present the encirclement of the cities through the countryside as universal part of peoples war also for the imperialist countries. It is very clear, like it is also grasped on the 1st Party Congress: „However, finally it also needs to be seen, that the October Revolution not only was an insurrection, but a revolutionary war, which lasted several years.“ (Long live Marxism-Leninism-Maoism! In: Basis of Unity of the Communist Party of Peru) These opportunists and revisionists follow with confusions of this type the purpose, to attack the universal validity of protracted peoples war, as war based on the masses in which the peoples get mobilized with the proletariat at its top. However, also with that attack on Maoism and the contributions of universal validity of Chairman Gonzalo they will fail, like it happened with every other of their attacks previously. Whereas the universal law of revolutionary violence has to be defended, hold high and applied, what has to be pointed out consistently, if we talk about the almighty ideology of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, almighty because it is true. This law is expressed through revolutionary war, which will lead in every country of the world, regardless of the type of society, to seize the power through the proletariat, whether if the revolution takes an newdemocratic or directly socialist character. The main type of revolution today is the newdemocratic revolution, because in exposing the question of the new democracy by the great Chairmen Mao, he not only defined a third type of state, but also an understanding of how the oppressed nations as part of the Proletarian World Revolution liberate themselves and march firmly forward to socialism. Chairmen Mao solved the problem of the uninterrupted and direct transition from the democratic revolution to the socialist revolution. The question of political power, conquered through peoples war, is the fundamental in Maoism. To develop ourselves according to this understanding and to apply it, an army is needed, because Chairmen Mao teaches, that without an army the people have nothing in the end. But the army is led by the Communist Party. Without the Party the power can not be conquered. The Communist Party, which is a Marxist-Leninist-Maoist Party, which develops, marches forward and concrete in accordance with the Two-Lines-Struggle against the non-proletarian lines, against revisionism as the main enemy, which always serves the establishment and leadership of the dictatorship of the proletariat, is also the command over the guns. We have to insist on that and have to be clear, that we progress in Unity-Struggle-Unity. It shows, that ideology and the question of he political line always have to be in command. If this is not the case, it will lead to deviations and mistakes of “left” and right character. Beside the party and the army, the third universal magic weapon is the front. Within the front the proletariat is in an union with other classes and parts of the people, its handling has to allow the proletariat to exert the hegemony. Through Maoism the proletariat is able to lead the front according to its concrete character and its specific tasks and rejects all positions, which preach like the revisionist Tito to develop “everything through the front”. We adhere, that also in an union where the proletariat established its hegemony, the proletariat has to preserve its independence. The Communist Party, the Army and the Front are three magic weapons of the revolution. There is a clear relationship among them, and Chairmen Mao Zedong developed the theory of the party of a new type, he developed the theory on the militia and formulated the universally valid teaching of peoples war and he stated very clearly how we have to handle the front. It would be wrong to mix up this three magic weapons or to forget that we have to construct them concentrically, taking the militarized party as axis and leadership. Only in this way we will be able to conquer the masses, to organize them and incorporate them in peoples war!
Chairman Mao Zedong reaffirmed the law of the main contradiction within socialist society between bourgeoisie and proletariat and he set forth this fact with systematic and a deep understanding, like no one did before. Chairman Mao Zedong teaches to the communists, that this contradiction is reproduced by the laws of dialectic within socialism, until we will reach the eternally golden Communism, and with that the question “Who – Whom?” will not be decided until communism. With that it gets clear, which leap was achieved by Chairman Mao Zedong, when he planned, initiated and led in response to that the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, with which he created a third universal type of Revolution, which serves to consolidate the dictatorship of the proletariat, wherefore it will need necessarily several of those Proletarian Cultural Revolutions until communism, as indispensable culmination of class struggle to march forward to communism. With that the universal theory of the ongoing revolution within the dictatorship of the proletariat was formulated. Chairman Gonzalo thereon gives us a deep, systematic understanding, which leads to a total rejection of conceptions and “theories” on the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, how they were represented by the enemies of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, like pettybourgeois-revolutionarist forces of the 1970ies, or Avakianists. Bear in mind the leap, that the developments and contributions of comrade Mao Zedong to Marxism-Leninism significate, which brought the proletarian ideology to a new stage, to Marxism-Leninism-Maoism. This makes him the fifth classic after Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin. The great teacher and Chairman was forged not only as a crystallized product of Proletarian World Revolution and fully in its service, but also as its most important leader and first helmsman. His whole live was dedicated to the Proletarian World Revolution, what we have to understand as unity in uneven development. As all victories of the Chinese people were gained under the leadership of Chairman Mao, the Chairman evaluated “the revolutionary praxis of the International Communist Movement, set up a whole string of scientific theses, enriched the treasury of Marxist theory and pointed the way of struggle for the Chinese peoples and the revolutionary peoples all over the world. With great audacity and the foresight of a proletarian revolutionary he initiated within the International Communist Movement the great struggle of criticism on modern Revisionism with the soviet-revisionist clique of renegades as its center, advanced the forceful development of Proletarian World Revolution and the struggle of all peoples against Imperialism and Hegemonism and forwarded the history of humankind.” (“Eternal glory to the chairman Mao Tsetung, the great leader and teacher”, Beijing, September 1976)
The greatest Marxist-Leninist-Maoist on the face of the earth is today chairman Gonzalo! He led the Communist Party of Peru to its reconstitution, planned, initiated and led peoples war and prevailed the 1st Party Congress in midst of peoples war, which gave the Party its basis of unity. Thereby Chairman Gonzalo gave the communists the weapon in their hand to understand their ideology, to be able to hold high, defend and apply Maoism. With that Chairman Gonzalo teaches the communists of the world, to recognize themselves and to understand who they are: Marxists-Leninists-Maoists, principally Maoists! Full of hope, the eyes of the communists of the world are now and today on those comrades, who apply, concretize and develop these teachings in their countries, who decisively take this red path and bring forth leadership. Full of confidence the communists of the world look at those parties, which accomplish leaps in their reconstitution and let us never get tired of highlighting, that these contributions enrich Maoism, let it shine even brighter and to contribute, being the irresistible historical tendency.
Long live the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese Revolution!
Long live the great teacher, leader and chairman Mao Zedong!
Long live Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, principally Maoism!
Editors of “El Maoista”, December 2019