BRAZIL - 200 Years of Karl Marx

“A nova democratia” (AND) a revolutionary journal from Brazil is going to publish a series of article as part of the celebrations in honor of the great Karl Marx. In the following we publish one, which had been translated by AND.


Bicentennial of a Giant of the World Proletariat

Born in 1818 in Trevis, Germany, the brilliant thinker and the international proletariat leader, Karl Heinrich Marx, was the founder of the scientific communism, the artificer of the tatics and revolutionary strategy of proletariat.

His work absolutely scientific has demonstrated in an irrefutable manner the inevitability of the replacement of capitalism by communism and such a change would be done by the proletariat, guided by its revolutionary party which, through the political liberation (the Power seizure and the establishing of the Dictatorship of Proletariat as a transition stage to socialism) would lead to the liberation of Humankind, to the communist society.

Marx established the historical dialetical materialism, recognised by his great inseparable friend, Friedrich Engels, as Marxism. On the fight for the the direction of this science in the worker’s movement, Engels himself recognised the condition of Marx’s jefatura and his theory as a weapon so that the organized proletariat in its vanguard detachment can promote the ‘violent overthrow of the whole existing order’ and build up the classless society, without exploitation of man by man, the communism.

Since its foundation, Marxism has settled down the need of the proletariat organization in a diversified party, different from the others built in history so far; as well as the need of the revolutionary violence as a method for the revolution and alliance with the opressed classes, under the absolute leadership of the revolutionary proletarian party.

In 1844, Marx met Friedrich Engels and from him received valuable support for building his paramount work and they were united on their efforts for a conjointed job which has the indelible internationalist character.

This manner, facing all kind of difficulties, amidst a strong fight against several petty-bourgeois and non-proletarian socialist doctrines, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels gave birth to the science of proletariat, theory and tatics of the revolutionary proletarian socialism.

It is through the Manifest of the Communist Party, from Marx and Engels, published in 1848, that the international communist movement has received its birthday certificate. It was joy for the international proletariat which, from that moment onwards, had a mission, a programme, means and common defined tasks to face their class enemies. From then on a consign has started crossing the cities, plains and seas: Proletarians of all countries, united! It has flown without wings and echoed in the European continent crossing the oceans. Nowadays, the expression of its echo is heard, strong and immovable, in all hidden corners of the world.

The fundamental idea conceived by the Manifesto – the proletariat, exploited and oppressed class, cannot emmancipate itself from the classe that explores and oppresses it, without releasing , at the same time and forever, the whole sociey from exploitation, oppression and class struggle –belongs unique and exclusively to Marx, as Engels affirmed im 1883.

Such scientific ideology is the Marxism, all-mighty because it is true.

In such an everlasting work, Marx and Engels have exposed, for the first time, in a systematized way, their doctrine. With genial clearness and precision they have introduced the new concept of the world, the consequent materialism that encloses the social life, the dialetics presented as the broader and deeper science of the evolution, the theory of the class struggle and the revolutionary, historical, world role of proletariat, creator of a new society, the communist society.

Unlike what the bourgeois and revisionist historians preach, trying to erase its revolutionary essence, besides the theorethical one, Karl Marx had an active revolutionary practice corresponding to the scientific ideology developed by him. As a detached militant and communist leader, Marx involved himself in the European revolutionary movements of several countries, facing political persecution in France, Belgium, England and Germany, his motherland, where he was arrested and from where he was expelled in 1848.

By placing himself always and voluntarily ahead in the studies and combats of the proletariat, he took part in the Communist League, a secret propaganda society, with Engels, in 1847. In 1864, he was the founder and head of the International Association of Workers, the First International. He has strongly fought opportunism, utopic socialism and the anarchy trends that preached a non-proletarian “socialism”.

In 1871, after the unforgettable Commune of Paris where the proletariat dared for the first time to storm the gates of heaven and in which many could have seen only defeats, Marx’s precise annalysis has extracted a valuable learning for the future combats of the proletariat and its party. That far, the proletariat which only knew the bourgeoisie in the revolution, amidst a glorious epoppee, was able to be acquainted to it in the reaction and draw out precious lessons for the cause.

Development of Marxism

Thus, the proletariat scientific ideology, amidst strong storms, has proved its deepness and wideness. By navigating without stopping, advanced and was developed as its founders had indicated.

The great Lenin, leader of the Bolshevik Party and both – jefatura and party – at the head of the broader masses in Russia, have applied in a creative manner the universal truths of Marxism to the conditions of Russia in 1917, reaching the victory of the proletarian revolution and raising Marxism to a new stage, Leninism. Leninism was defended and applied on the building up of the first socialist State in the history by comrade Stalin up to the year of 1953.

Right after, it was chairman Mao Tsetung, the Great Timoneer, as jefatura of the Communist Party of China and the Chinese Revolution, who led proletariat and the people to the revolutionary path, reaching other two great deeds of the World Proletarian Revolution: the New Democratic and Socialist Revolution and the Great Cultural Proletarian Revolution. Thus, in a hard struggle against the modern revisionism, Chairman Mao has developed Marxism on its three constitutive parts : marxist philosophy, marxist political economy and scientific socialism, raising it to a new, third and superior stage, becoming Marxism-Leninism-Maoism.

As part of the celebrations in honour of the bicentennial of Karl Marx, we will publish in AND a series of articles in defense of the works of a man who was one of the greatest revolutionary thinkers of the History of Humankind.

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